Mike’s Exercises

Are we talking about ferrets here?

If not, Click on any of the links below that might interest you and to return to the top use your back button

Files can be downloaded from below, they are stored on our Google Drive folder and will open a page where you can click on the link to install the program

Picasa  – Google Picture Editor

Installing Microsoft Synctoy Backup

Using an older version of Windows? Then you need to install this File before installing Synctoy

Microsoft Net Framework 3.5  – open first

Win 10 already has this installed but it needs to be enabled – see HERE

Download Synctoy Backup 


Classes, exercises and  Quizzes

Casting to YOur Dumb TV

Bugs and Beasties

Printing from your Android Device

VPN – Virtual Private Networks

File Sharing

Firefox set-up and personalise 2019

Replacing Text

Typing Exercises

File Management Exercises

Paint and Beyond

Bulleted lists

Web Navigation

Creating a Café Menu

Picasa – Photo Management

Ripping CDs


Word Exercises


Stuff to do 1

Playing with Words & Puzzles

Stuff to do 2

OpenOffice Draw

Cleaning up your computer


Spelling and grammar in Open Office

Tablets – a beginning

File or Fly Management

Sharing Photos on the Cloud with Picasa

Christmas Cards

St Patrick’s Day

More On Picasa

MS Publisher or Open Office Draw.

BSOD – Blue Screen of Death

Word – Inserting Stuff

Privacy, another casualty of the internet.

Saving streamed video content. Youtube and the like


Stuff to do 3

Stuff to do 4 – the  moon

Stuff to do 5

Stuff to do 6

Stuff to do 7

File Types for the written word

Stuff to do 8

Try these with your Internet Browser

Making Lamingtons

Trivia Search

File Management WIn10

Stuff to do 9 – body

Maps – A free, Google navigation app.

Waze – Social Navigation Tool


Computer Trivia

Text Correction Exercise





Understanding formatted text in copy/paste

Win 10 Recovery options



One Line Table




 Backup with Win 10

Using Synctoy

Casting to your Dumb TV using Google Chromecast

To use this device you need to install Google Chrome on your Laptop or Google Home on your Tablet/Phone. Once setup you can cast your device content using either Google Chrome or Opera (another Browser)

Setup Google Chromecast….

Do the above exactly, and follow the prompts on your TV./device. If your antique TV does not have an HDMI port, then the library offers a wonderful range of books, DVDs and Audio books.
Alternatively it might be time to use the children’s inheritance, go for gold and buy a new TV….

Google Chrome
From your Laptop…
Open Chrome  > click the 3 dots top right hand corner > Cast > choose the source you setup in the Chromecast Setup > Note a new Casting icon will appear top right, On your laptop, you may now view any Browser content on your TV.
To stop casting click the casting icon and deselect the source.

Google Home on your Tablet/Phone
Click the Home Icon > Other Cast Devices > Select the TV you setup > Click Cast my Screen > You can now view any content

Click settings burger top right > scroll to bottom of Easy Setup frame > click Go to Browser settings > Drop down Advanced under Basic > Select Browser > Scroll down to User Interface > Click Enable Chromecast support to turn on. You only need to do this once.
Go to either Iview/sbs/netflix > Right click on page before you select your content > Select Cast > choose casting source > A casting icon will appear Top Right next to Settings burger. > select what you want to watch.
To stop casting click the casting icon and deselect the source.

Remember – When casting the TV’s source input is changed automatically, you need to change it back to the default to return to normal viewing.

Bugs and Beasties

Before we jump in, let’s get some basics down. What is a bacteria?
1. a micro-organism with a free-floating DNA nucleoid
2. a multi-celled organism that attacks other cells
3. a little animal
Bacteria are single cells, with a pretty simple internal structure.

Which one of these best describes a virus?
1. a simple cell with a nucleus
2. a microbe that contains either DNA or RNA
3. a germ
Viruses have either RNA or DNA, but lack a complex structure.

What’s a fungus?
1. a plant
2. an internally complex cell that needs food to survive
3. a big germ
Unlike plants that can photosynthesize, fungi need to absorb food from their surroundings.

What cannot reproduce on its own, without a host cell?
1. bacteria
2. fungi
3. viruses
Viruses can’t just replicate on their own, so there’s some debate about whether they’re considered “life.”

What’s a germ?
1. bacteria
2. viruses
3. bacteria, viruses and fungi
We often just call microbes germs, which can encompass all three categories.

What do we call viruses that aren’t part of a host cell?
1. potential-viri
2. germs
3. virions
Virions are the particles that exist outside the host cell.

Let’s get down to it! Can you name the bacteria?
1. Hepatitis
2. fistulina hepatica
3. chlamydia
While we think of most sexually transmitted diseases as viruses, chlamydia is actual bacterial.

Dengue fever is caused by:
1. virus
2. bacteria
3. fungi
Dengue is in the flaviviridae family of viruses.

What is smaller: a virus or a bacteria?
1. They are roughly the same size.
2. bacteria
3. virus
Viruses are extremely small.

About how much bigger are bacteria in comparison to viruses?
1. Bacteria are twice the size of viruses.
2. Bacteria are 10 to 100 times the size of viruses.
3. Bacteria are almost 10,000 times the size of viruses.
But bacteria, of course, are still extremely small and can only be seen through a microscope.

The Roman deity Robigus was the god of what?
1. viruses
2. fungi
3. bacteria
Robigus was honored to prevent crops from becoming mildewed or diseased.

Athlete’s foot is:
1. fungal
2. bacterial
3. viral
Also known as tinea pedis, athlete’s foot is caused by a fungal infection.

Tuberculosis is:
1. bacterial
2. viral
3. fungal
Although you might think it has symptoms similar to common viruses, TB is bacterial.

A cold is:
1. viral
2. bacterial
3. fungal
Okay, that might be an easy one.

Cryptococcosis is a disease that infects the lungs. It’s caused by:
1. bacteria
2. fungus
3. virus
A fungus found in soil, Cryptococcosis infects the lungs when it’s breathed in.

Ringworm is:
1. viral
2. bacterial
3. fungal
Ringworm — in both humans and animals — is a fungal infection. (And there is no worm.)

Measles is caused by:
1. fungus
2. bacteria
3. virus
Measles is a viral infection.

Strep throat is:
1. fungal
2. bacterial
3. viral
Bacteria, which is why antibiotics are prescribed.

Lyme disease is:
1. viral
2. bacterial
3. fungal
Ticks spread the bacteria Borrelia burgdorfer, which causes Lyme disease.


PrinterShare App

There is a price for this App but it is only a few dollars. It is easy to setup and use. Download the free trial version first and print a test page to make sure it is compatible with your setup. That way you can try before buy….

Click Here to see how it works

To Print from your printer it will have to either be networked to your WiFi modem or be able to be connected directly.|

Google Play Store
Find PrinterShare
On Pictures/contacts/calendar page > Select At bottom > Printer not selected > Select
Nearby WiFi or whatever…
Select which Printer you want to use.
Print test page to test > Print
Once you can see it works, Upgrade to the premium version.
To Print anything else navigate to find it from the start page.
When at home or within range of your WiFi Router.
Open Phone settings> Search > type Print.
Make sure default printing service is ON
Add service > Tap > scroll down to PrinterShare Mobile Print > tap > Install…
Then as above.
This will only work at home or when your device is registered on a network service.

VPN – Virtual Private Network

If you have read my article below on Privacy you might like some more information on VPNs.
In China for example, without a VPN  you cannot use Google or apps like WhatsApp. One option is to sign up just before you leave as many of the pay VPNs have a 30 day free trial. Then if you think it is worth using them you can pay up when you return and away you go.
VPNs also allow you to watch programs that are restricted to the country of origin. If you select a server which VPNs make it easy to do in that country, you can watch content eg the BBC in the UK. Or even Australian content when you are overseas.
There are pay for versions and there are free versions. The general consensus is that free versions are not a good idea and could compromise your privacy as much as hiding it. So if you want to obtain a VPN what is your best option.
Here are some links you might like to check out.

The Best VPN Services and Apps of 2019

Top 7 (REALLY FREE) VPN Services That Still Work in 2019


I use ExpressVPN and find it very good. It allows you to have up to 3 units using it at  once, and there is a chat link on the website if you run into problems. It is available on PCs, Android and Apple.

File Management Exercises

Open notepad  – type jack –  Save in Documents as jack –  Delete jack type jill  –  save in documents as jill – close notepad.
Open documents  – make two folders – name one boy , name the other girl. Put the file jack in boy and the file jill in girl.
Make another folder in document called hill, put both boy and girl folders in the folder hill.
Find a matryoshka doll in Google images, preferably a small file, save to the laptop in pictures.
Create 5 folders 1,2,3,4,5 &  put the doll file into folder 5,  then put folder 5 into folder 4, then 4 into 3, then 3 into 2, then 2 into 1.  You should now have one folder 1
Open up the folders in turn, watch the bread crumb trail at the top of the window until you open the last file. What has happened? The image will open up in what ever program you computer uses to see images.
Open notepad and write the name of a fruit, save, repeat for four other fruits. Try zipping them up. And email to your self.
Using Google images find the pictures of 5 different animals and save them (make sure they are small files, there is the option on the left.  Zip these up and email to yourself.

Paint and Beyond

Open  Documents, Internet Explorer, Paint, and Notepad and align them on your desktop two over two.
Where is the view desktop option? Is there a shortcut? Right click on the taskbar and see the selections.
Find and open Paint and create a logo of 3 circles over 3 squares, any colour any size. Paint uses a select and use system, select a tool (brush, crayon, etc) or shape b clicking them. Once you have selected the tool move the cursor onto the workspace then hold down the left button and drag diagonally. You can change the colours or outline. Colour one is the outine 2 is the shape.If you drew every shape, is there a simpler way?
Copy and paste. Paint is a simple program and will only allow you to copy what is in the selection boundary, it is not selective. Open Paint and create an Olympic style logo. Any colour.
Transparency? There is a transparency option see if you can find it.
Open Word 2003 0r 2010 create a logo of 3 red triangles over 3 blue squares. Word had very sophisticated drawing tools on par with Publisher, remember everything is in frames. The drawing tools are only available in Office 2010 when you select a drawing.
Use Draw in Open Office to create an interlocking square logo with 4 squares, transparency? This programs really flies with right clicking options.

Bulleted lists

These can be easy or very complicated. Create a list of about 10 items each on a new line, highlight the list and then press the bulleting icon on the home ribbon or format toolbar. Bullets replace paragraph symbols (pressing enter creates a paragraph).
Try setting the bulleted list option and then create the items. Lists can sometimes get out of control, they then need to be debulleted and then rebulleted.
There are a set of options with bulleted lists. In Office 2010 it can be accessed by clicking the small triangle next to the bulleting icon. In Office 2003 you need to drop down the formatting menu. Try changing the dot bullet to something else, you can use a completely different symbol, or even a picture. Remember you need to select the list in order to change it. Note the alignments can also be changed. Also there are levels to be considered when there are subcategories.

Web Navigation

Saving web pages
Open Internet explorer. Your home page will either be euroscug or you own choice. This could be any page – we are going to save this page.
We need a folder to save this in. Open My docs and create a folder called Web Page, not sure how to do this? ask your neighbour. File > Save as> Check down the bottom and note the File name option, and underneath this the file type. It will probably default to a single document eg *.mht file, but this is not the only option. Save as single page and then check out the web folder.
There is a single file which will open when clicked as your web page. Then save it as a complete webpage. Check out the difference. Note there are 2 extra entries one file and one folder. Open the folder, here is a lot of the stuff that goes in to make the page. Many of these can be opened on their own, eg *.jpg or *.gif files. Other can only be opened by the page machinery.
Now try as a text file – notice it is next to gibberish, unless the page is a simple HTML page.
Try deleting a jpg file and then reopen the main file, note the box with a cross, where the original file should have gone. This is the reason you sometimes come across this on the web, someone has forgotten to put in the file or it has been moved or deleted.

Up the top right hand corner is a star, click this. There three options select the history one. This is a record or where you have navigated. It will remain as long as you like until you opt to delete this information. It not only keeps a record of your surfing but also your use on the computer. They are all live. You can delete it all or just single items. Back and forward buttons.
Try Googling somewhere and then take a couple of jumps to other links. Right clicking on the backwards or forward buttons shows you where you have been

Saving in Favourites
Navigate to a page, then click Favourites. Note this opens a dialogue box with several options. Here you can make a folder if the page is on cooking, or you can navigate to an already existing folder to save it. It is important when you first start computer to get into the habit of file management, or very quickly it will get totally out of control. Save a couple of pages, your choice.

Right clicking on links gives you the option of opening in either a new tab or a new page. Not to mention a million other options. How do I control all these options? Well now you are really thinking like a tech head!

Creating a Café Menu

This is a multi-skill excercise, so you can work to your level. Create a menu for a restaurant using the information below. Remember to highlight whatever you wish to change. Feel free to insert images if you wish and if there is an internet connection.
You can use either Word or Open Office.The menu can be copied and pasted onto a blank page for you to format.

prawn surprise
clam chowder
Salmon samousas
Lhaksa soup
crab fritters

For main
Lime snapper on rice
cray pot – cray in chilli sauce served in its own pot with green salad Pasta piscine
Gnocchi pasta with trevalla in a cheese and celery sauce trout souffle
shredded fresh trout in a light herb souffle with fresh garlic rolls
for dessert
Neptune’s delight
fresh mint gelato and chocolate fingers
tropical pudding – shredded coconut in rum syrup fresh pineapple sundae

Tea and Coffee

Good luck!

Picasa – Photo Management

This week we will check out Picasa 3.9. This version offers many more tweaking tools than ever before. Download Picasa 3.9 from here: Picasa
This downloads the setup file which is not huge. Click on the file and the wizard will guide you through. When you get to selecting images, choose only the Documents option. If you wish to keep Windows Picture viewer, don’t choose to let Picasa handle viewing of all your image files.
It will also ask if you wish to use a Google toolbar, say no.
Picasa will find all your images automatically. When you open Picasa, you will see a left frame where the options are files or options are listed, and a right frame which is the work area.
From the library on the left frame choose an image file to tweak and then explore the various options.
Picasa always preserves the original file. In the File drop down it gives you the option of saving the new file or exporting it where you can change the size if you wish.
Try Adding Captions to your photos and that way you will be able to find them quickly, open an image and just underneath there is add caption, click it and type.
There are many ways to make pictures look more professional, straightening, balancing the colours, cropping out unwanted stuff, etc, etc. If you have a Google Account you can upload images to an online Album. Checkout options in Tools to Upload.

Ripping CDs

You cannot drag files from a Music CD directly to your computer. The set up on a CD is totally different from just files on a disk. The tracks will be listed but if you check the size they will all be 1Kb far too small for a music track, where are they? They are hidden in the data base of the disk.
So what so we do, we copy them another way called ripping.
You do not need to have any other software than come with your computer, as all windows computers have Windows Media Player. When you put a CD into the player you will either be asked what you want to do, so select Play with Media Player or Media Player will appear automatically. When the music starts make sure you are in the library where the files are listed. If they are not listed, then look up the top right corner to an icon that looks like four dots. Click this and you will go to the library with the tracks from your CD listed. Look up at the options, and you will see Rip CD. (There are also options, but explore these later.) Click this and wait the files will be copied one by one to the library. If you are lucky it will find information about the CD on the net and even label the tracks for you.
If it does not recognise the album, then all is not lost. Look to the left of the tracks being ripped and you will see a list of Artist, Album etc. Right click on any of these and the word Edit will appear, click this and type in the info. Before you press enter, using the downward direction key will take you down to the next entry without having to use the right click. You can also rename the tracks, again by right clicking them, and typing the info in, this can be done while they are being ripped.
If you don’t rename the album then go to the music library and look for Unknown Artist folder, and it will be listed by date. Then you can rename them.
If you have a good Audio System then you can link your laptop to this with a cable and hear it in glorious pumping HiFi through your system. Wow!


Bugs and Beasties

Today there are a lot of bugs out there, though if you follow a few simple rules, you can stay reasonably free of them.
Have a security program, virus and Trojans. AVG, MalwareBytes, Security Essentials, whatever. These must be active and up to date.
Once a week, do a total computer scan. Don’t just rely on one program, use a couple (but only one main avtivirus program), no system is 100% secure.

Do not open unknown emails, emails with no subject, emails purporting to be from banks, credit card firms whatever. If unsure check the source. If it says it’s from Citibank but is actually from saduha@fmsadlk.com you can bet it ain’t from Citibank. Right click on the list and you will have some option to check the source or where it is from.
Never run attachments from an email, always download them and then check them with your antivirus. Do not send list of emails recipients in the To; box always use BCC. Avoid Lottery wins, prizes, gifts etc.
My bank has refused to take any more money after the 30th multimillion lottery I won.

Use Smart Filter when browsing the internet, at least this way you will have some warning of nasties. Resist that big red button saying press to win $100000000 – I wonder why? There are no really cheap deals – anywhere! If it takes too long to load and there is heaps of activity in the status bar at the bottom, close it they are probably data mining.

Task Manager
Get to know Task Manager – Ctrl + Alt + Del will open up task manager, check the Processes list, They will be totally incomprehensible, but get to know them and then at least you know they are there, and when another one pops up you have never seen before, check it out on Google.
If you are on an internet page that stubbornly refuses to close, use either Alt + F4 (function key), this will close down most sites, or use The Task Manager and close Explorer down in

Startup Applications – Check the msconfig area to check what loads when you boot up your system, (type msconfig into the box when you press the start button) it’s a good idea to have some idea of what is listed here, again it will be totally incomprehensible, but learn to recognise the listing. Or use Autoruns, http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb963902.aspx a software program that will completely baffle you, but will show you what is running when you start the computer. A program called Startup Monitor is a good idea, it can be downloaded here: http://download.cnet.com/StartupMonitor/3000-2084_4-10637539.html. It will monitor your startup applications and notify you if something is trying to pop in there.

Word Exercises

Highlight the above, (you will need to press the enter key and then include the begining of the next line in the copy highlight.)Copy and paste the sentence above forty times, with one sentence per line, Follow these instructions for each line.

  1. Make the font Bold
  2. Make the font Italic
  3. Underline the text
  4. Change the font size to 10, 20, 30
  5. Change the to red, green, blue
  6. Put it in quotation marks
  7. Change it to arial, Broadway , wingdings1
  8. Make it upper case, then sentence case
  9. Create a hyperlink to catsatonthemat(at)home.com
  10. Double space the next three lines
  11. Indent the next three lines by 1cm
  12. Bullet the next three lines
  13. Right Align the next line
  14. Highlight the text in yellow
  15. Place the next two lines in a box
  16. Place the next two lines in a text box with a light blue background
  17. Change the text box background to light blue
  18. Change the text to a shadowed text
  19. Change the text to French.
  20. Create the sentence using words and images

For the last few you will need to look around to find where these are achieved. The text box needs to be pasted into and you will need to change the wrapping formatting by clicking on the surrounding box with the right button and selecting Wrapping there is also Format shape, there are lots of options here.
Borders are tricky in Open Office and in Word you need to look at all their options and where they are applied. Remember right clicking often gives you options.


Handles Whenever we work on a computer it is not long before we need to use handles. What do I mean by this? Handles are means of moving stuff, and we often need to move stuff when we are working. The basic handle we’ll need is the window handles, these are on the edges and the corners of every window, but only when minimised.
Try resizing them. If we insert an object whether it is a text box, table or text box we’ll need them again.
When you insert a picture, you’ll notice around the edges a boundary line, and on the line are small circles, at the corners and in the centre of the lines. These handles can be grasped by holding down the left mouse button and dragging them. The edges work horizontally or vertically, the corners in any direction.
To keep the aspect ratio, hold down the shift key when you are dragging. The handles are often almost invisible you just have to move the mouse over them and usually a two headed arrow will appear. This is true of all objects inserted on a page.
The four headed arrow is to move objects, again holding down the left mouse key enables you to hold them.
In windows the title bar at the top is the handle to move them about. Some frames/boxes allow you to rotate the contents of the box, look for the lollipop handle usually on the top line of the frame. To check on the properties of the frame, you need to right click on the frame or handle not the contents to bring up a set of options.  Clicking inside the frame brings up other options
Whenever you are in a place with a list, say your emails, or looking at a set of files, there are handles that allow the columns to be resized. The generally reside just above the joining of the two columns and running your mouse over them will reveal them as a double arrow symbol. Holding down on the symbol will allow you to move the columns.
These handles are really important when using programs like Publisher, and Open Office

Stuff to do 1

1. Find a cuckoo clock on ebay Download the picture and email it to wombat2536(at)gmail.com
2. Download a picture of your favourite animal, change the name, email it.
3. Copy and paste your favourite recipe onto an email, try copying into notepad then copy and paste it note the difference if any, and send it. Advance folk could find a picture and paste the two onto a sheet.
4. Find your favourite song and copy the lyrics, paste it into a word program change the font to lucida handwriting and email it.
5. Find the time table for the Sydney harbour ferries, copy and paste it into an office program.
6. Find a picture of the dark side of the moon, find the Pink Floyd lyrics paste them underneath.

Playing with Words & Puzzles

1. Open notepad – type notepad into the start search. Put one on the first row, two two on the next row, three three three on the next until you reach ten. Copy this list and paste it into Word. Change the font to Bold. Change the font to red
2 .Open Word, type one into the first line, Tab the next line and put in two Tab tab the next line and put in three tab tab tab the next and put in four… till you reach ten
3 .Build a pyramid on the page with one at the top and ten at the bottom.

Find Information

What was playing on ABC Classics on Jan 1st at 8.30am?
How far is it from Brisbane to Sydney?
What’s the population of Iceland?
Create a story in pictures in Word. Mary had a little lamb it fleece was white as snow.
What’s the most expensive Cartier watch on ebay?
How many words can you get from the word – toothache?
Find the nearest hotel to Sydney airport.

Stuff to do 2

Open IE. Make sure the Menu bar is viewable, if not right click in any blank spot above the window and put a tick next to Menu bar
Favourites and Status
Make a folder in Favourites/Bookmarks – your name, (look in Organise favourites for this). In this folder put two more folders with different categories.
Make a quick link to ABC on the favourites bar
Make two other relevant links in the Favourite folders you have created.
Delete the folder My Places, unless you want it.

Open Google Maps and find the house you were born in, or your first school. What colour is it now?
What phase of the moon are we in now.
When is high tide at Batemans Bay
Find a tetris game This is a good one http://www.freetetris.org/game.php
Download a great font and write a note in it. I’ll show you.

OpenOffice Draw

We are making cards that fold to ¼ A4
Open Draw Right click – Page set up – set margins to 0 (highlight each and type 0) – OK (ignore printer warning).
Drop down View – check Grid first option highlighted, remove highlight from snap to Grid – repeat with guides. There is a snap to Grid, leave this.
Click and hold down top left hand square before the rulers – pull to corner of page to set zero.
Click and hold down on top ruler and drag down guide to 15 on left hand ruler
Click and hold down and drag guide from left hand ruler to 10.5 on top ruler.
We are going to work in the top right hand area. Along the bottom are the drawing tools At the top check out the colour/line options.
This programs works by frames.
This program relies on Selecting the shape tool (do not hold down your mouse button), move the cursor to where you want the tool to be used; the mouse arrow will become a cross with a small icon by the side.
Hold down the mouse button and drag the tool to where you want to go. It can be moved and reshaped later if necessary.
Remember Handles, they are at the core of understanding and successfully using this program. They are found all around shapes/text/etc.
Your right button is essential in using this program. Right click in the shape and this will bring up options of what you can do in this frame.
The Text tool only needs to be selected then clicked on the area you want to use it. It will expand as you are typing. You can alter the font/colour/etc once it is on the page, by highlighting the text.
Images are inserted either from the icon at the bottom or from the drop down Insert – Picture – From File. They might be the wrong size, and can be resized once on the page using the corner handles. To keep the aspect, hold down the Shift key when resizing. To clear handles either click away from the selection or use the ESC key.
Practice printing on a sheet of paper before using card and colour. You may have to fiddle with the sizing to accommodate what the printer will do with the page.
Avoid designs without borders. Use B & W to check the alignment and then go back and tweak the design.

When things don’t work. It’s not just what you want to do but where you want to do it. Check there are no active handles if you want to do something else. Remember the curly arrow or Ctrl+Z to undo what you have just done.

Cleaning up your computer

This is a big topic and has it’s own page HERE


This site is really excellent at finding short videos on any subject under the sun.
It can be accessed through the Google Homepage
Check the options at the top of the screen. Whilst anyone can watch YouTube, you need to have a Google account to get the most from YouTube. Once you sign in it will keep a record of your viewing which you can edit at a later date deleting as you find appropriate. To find a tube just put in a search at the top. There is a box to put in a search term.
Once the results are displayed you can then filter if you wish by dropping down the Filter option at the top. This gives you various options.
To upload a video just click the upload option. There are choices here. Choose whichever you wish. The web cam is the easiest; you just need a web cam and microphone if you wish sound. The photo slideshow will open up a browser window where you can upload what you wish. The video option will support various file formats mp3,mp4,flv etc. Click the video box and a browser will open. Remember you can only upload a video up to 15mins. Once there it can be edited with the online editor. After that follow the prompts.

Spelling and grammar in Open Office

Type a sentence or two do not correct the spelling or grammar.
Press enter at the end. Use Ctrl + A to select it.
Press Ctrl + C to copy it. Now Ctrl + V to paste it, do this several times.
Now go back to the start, and delete one letter randomly through the piece, by placing  the cursor in the text and touching the Del Key. Using the direction keys is good for this.
Select Tools > Spelling and Grammar, you will be presented here with options regarding the spelling or grammar, select which one you want in the bottom frame and chose change.
If you have you have active “Check as typing”, your errors will be underlined, by right clicking on these, options will be presented to you as well. If you do not see these red wavy lines do the following: Tools > Options > Language Settings > Writing Aids now make sure in the Options frame, Check Spelling and Check Grammar have ticks. Conversely if you do not wish to see these red wavy lines take the ticks away.

Auto Correct Whilst Typing

Always repeating spelling mistakes as you type, then get the computer to correct it for you –  as you type. In Open Office Write, go to Tools > AutoCorrect Options
Click in the first box and delete the two dashes and type the word you misspelled, click in the next box and again remove the dash and type in the word spelt correctly, now click New, now when you type the wrong word it should correct it.
Spelling and grammar in Open Office Type a sentence or two do not correct the spelling or grammar.
Press enter at the end. Use Ctrl + A to select it. Press Ctrl + C to copy it. Now Ctrl + V to paste it, do this several times.
Now go back to the start, and delete one letter randomly through the piece, by placing  the cursor in the text and touching the Del Key. Using the direction keys is good for this. Select Tools > Spelling and Grammar, you will be presented here with options regarding the spelling or grammar, select which one you want in the bottom frame and chose change.
If you have you have active “Check as typing”, your errors will be underlined, by right clicking on these, options will be presented to you as well. If you do not see these red wavy lines do the following: Tools > Options > Language Settings > Writing Aids now make sure in the Options frame, Check Spelling and Check Grammar have ticks.
Conversely if you do not wish to see these red wavy lines take the ticks away.

In Word This tool is found in File > Options > Proofing.

Tablets – a beginning

Start – swipe to start Operating modes – brief touch to open – touch longer for either more info or to move about Navigation App tiles – touch to open.
6 squares top right – gives you all apps and widgets.
Swipe to see next screen, Bottom left arrow to last screen and to close popups.
Home icon to start screen
Overlapping screens to show where you have been and is still available. Bottom right M in shopping bag – touch to see what messages there are, touch three dashes at top of popup to clear messages.
Settings App touch to open menu; here you change how the unit works, they are listed in the left frame and expanded in the right.
Touch any in the left and options are made available, touch in right to fine tune or alter, close by touching away from popup.
The categories are Wireless; Device, Personal; Accounts; System. Even though there’s a lot here you just don’t need to worry about, explore them anyway – Sound, display, are worth going into and tweaking.
Apps can be moved around the start page by holding them and moving them, or they can be removed by pushing them to the Remove outside the box. This returns them to the store. Apps can be moved from the Apps Store to the start page.
Open the Apps Store (the 6 squares top Right), hold down the app you want to move and slide it sideways, the start page will appear and you can drop it anywhere you like. You can remove or disable apps from the store by pushing them up to App Info outside the box.
You cannot uninstall some apps as they come bundled with the unit and are part of the package, but you can disable them and they will no longer haunt the Apps Store. You will see what option is available when you open their properties.
There’s more down the page, just swipe up or down. Use the return arrow to go back.
In the Apps Store are also Widgets, these are active small apps that generally tell you something straight away e.g. the weather, time, mail, etc. they do no open further but these can be dragged onto your start screen. I’m sure there is a lot you can do with these, but another time.

How to get more apps
These can be got in 3 ways, through the tablet using a browser, through Google Play Store, or through your PC using Google Play Store.
Just open a Google account and on the Google page click Play. Search and find them on your PC and install and they will appear the next time you use your tablet.
There is a search box to find what you want.

Typing on a tablet
The keyboard is hidden until you touch a place where you can type, it will then appear. It is cut down version of a querty keyboard, which you will just have to explore.
There is only a backspace, no del.
There are no arrow keys, you use you finger to place the cursor and to select multiple text, hold onto the text and a toolbar will open.
The keyboard does have @ and .com instantly available. This is a fiddle about and find out how it works area.

There is a built in browser that again needs exploring. It is a tabbed system see at the top for the tabs. Back and forward arrows and refresh are familiar. Top right is a bookmark star that open up a box with options.
The search button pops up the keyboard to either search or add a URL,
Our Tablets have speech search, just tap the microphone and speak, this needs a bit of improving!
The ribbon with star opens bookmarks, story and saved pages.
There is also three small squares top right for settings and options, here is where you can change your homepage.
Firefox is also available as an app; again this looks a bit different to the PC version. It also behaves slightly differently to the inbuilt browser.
The top right hand star creates a bookmark or removes it. To view bookmarks or history touch the address bar, a new page will appear with this information.
Firefox uses hidden tabs, to the left hand of the address is a number 1, 2, or whatever, this is the number of tabs open, touching this will open a small frame, play with the controls. The mask is for private browsing. Each of the small screen can be deleted, note the X. Press the number to close the frame. Look again for the square top right for options and tools.
There is no way to set a homepage, so you have to use a workaround:

  • Make sure that the page is in your history
  • Tap in the address bar
  • Search for the history item
  • Long press on the history item
  • Select “Add to home screen”
  • Use this bookmark shortcut to launch FirefoxImages can be copied or saved by holding on the image, a pop up will give you options. Images are saved in Download.
  • A long hold on an image with pop up a menu with copy and cut as options, this allows one to move images to relevant folders.
  • Next can be selected by holding on a word, this will highlight and give a couple of bracketing tools, these can be moved to increase the text selection.

File or Fly Management

There was an old lady who swallowed a fly…. If you can remember that long ago, she then proceeded to swallow a whole menagerie, including spiders, birds, cats, dogs, goats, horses, or whatever.
In this exercise you need to create the story with files and folders.
In My Docs Create a folder Lady, then put into this a folder called horse, into this one one called goat, into  this one dog, cat, bird, etc.
Then into each folder find a small image in google of each of the animals and put each of these in the relevant folder, for example the fly goes in the folder called spider, etc
You can also create files in notepad called the various animals names with just their name typed as text, put these animals in the relevent folders as well.
So in each folder their should be two files, both labelled with the name animal the folder animal ate. There will be one empty folder – which one?

Sharing Photos on the Cloud with Picasa

Sharing photos in the Cloud using Picasa This has been revised from the handout you received, after sorting out a few issues at the meeting. In this exercise we will share a couple of photos with your friends/family using the Share function in Picasa to upload photos to the Cloud. This is just one of many ways of using the Cloud to share files. In this case the “Cloud” is a Google server somewhere in the world. Note that there are two levels of user accounts at Google – Google Standard and Google+ – they operate slightly differently.  You should know which level you have. First get our photos ready in a separate folder 

  • Open File Explorer
  • Navigate to Pictures / My Pictures
  • Make a new folder “SCUG”
  • Navigate to another folder containing pictures
  • Select two Pictures (Ctrl Click), right click on a selected picture, Copy
  • Move mouse pointer to SCUG folder in Navigation pane, left click then right click / Paste
  • Close Windows Explorer
  • Now use Picasa to share
  • Start Picasa and make sure you are using Picasa for the following (do not use the Share with function in Windows Explorer which some people did – this is a completely different feature associated with networks).
  • Sign in to Picasa Web with your Google account (upper right in Picasa).
  • (If you receive a message saying you have not initialised Picasa Web, click Yes to initialise ‘ this will take you to Google in a web browser where you need to Sign in again to your Google account, then go back to Picasa and Sign in again!)
  • To view your Picture folders in Picasa, choose View / Folder View / select Tree View
  • Click on SCUG folder
  • Click Share (note that we won’t deal with Sync to Web function today, which is different)
  • For Album Visibility, choose Limited, anyone with the link (n/a for Google+)
  • Enter Message
  • Choose or enter email addresses (if entering the address, put a comma after you have entered it then it will show correctly)
  • Click Share (for Google+ users, click Upload).  This will upload your album to the Cloud and send emails to the people you have listed.  Your recipients will receive a link to your album where they can view it in their browser. Mostly not, but sometimes yes!  In this case they would use their own Google sign in to view your pictures, don/t give them your Google sign-in details.  Click on Web Albums (upper right) (for Google+ users, click Google+ Photos), this will open your cloud photos in a browser ‘ you need to sign in again.  Alternatively go direct to http://picasaweb.google.com  Warning: Picasa Desktop will automatically sign you in when you start it in future unless you specifically Sign out.  Some browsers may also automatically sign you in each time they are started.  If you are not using you’re your own computer, ensure that you sign out of both Picasa on your desktop, and your Picasa page in the browser.
  • If you want to delete your album
  • Sign out
  • How do you view your albums in the Cloud
  • Do the recipients need a Google account to view your albums?
  • Delete local and Cloud copies – in left hand pane of Picasa, right click on SCUG folder, delete folder.  You then get the option to also delete the copy uploaded to the Cloud.  Of course, if you delete Cloud copy, the recipient of your email will not be able to view the pictures
  • Delete Cloud copy and keep local copy – using a browser, view your album in the Cloud (see above) click on the album then click Actions / Delete Album (for Google+ users click on More / Trash)
  • Google now gives you a whopping free 15GB limit for all your Google “stuff”, ie email, Google Drive, Photos.
  • How many photos can I store in the Cloud?

Christmas Cards

One way of sending Christmas cards it to send ecards, this avoids all the getting organised several weeks before the day to send cards all over the world.
There are heaps of places you can obtain cards, many free, but the best usually require payment. There are many that are pretty awful so you have to choose carefully even then they tend to be pretty cheesy.
Some of the best are the animated ones where you can customise a message that is attached to them. But you have to realise that most require the receiver has to have Flash Player as an add-on for their browser, otherwise the cards will not play.
Most folk have this already as many sites use Flash driven advertising and so it may well have already been loaded. Here are a few examples:
Android Options:

The other option is to make your own This can be done in either Publisher or Open Office Draw.
You don’t have to be super creative, all you need is to have a few photos or images you have either taken or downloaded.
Don’t forget you don’t needs to make lots of different designs as the recipients will never know what others have received.
Let’s start:
Check through your photos and see if there are any you can use, remember you do not have to use the entire image as we can crop any photo.
Open Picasa, from the library select and image by double clicking it. This is where you can become creative, Picasa offers many editing tools it really is up to you to fiddle and see what you can do.
Once you are happy with the final image go to File and Save As, and place the file somewhere you can find it.
Now we can create the card. For this well use Open Office Draw, type draw at the start and the first option will be Open Office Draw. Click this. A blank page will start.
When you design a card, it is a good idea to create guides as these help you place items on the page. Make sure your rulers are showing, if not go to View and click Ruler. Click and hold down you cursor on the top ruler, you should see a double headed arrow, pull this down and a dotted line will appear to half way down the page, around 15. Do the same with the side ruler and pull it across to 10.5.
You will notice a line in from the edge, this is the default margin, you can change – Right click on the page > Page > Page Setup >Page Tab (it will probably be here anyway)
Note the Margins you can change the size here.
When creating a card remember to place it in the top right hand quadrant, this way it folds correctly. The simplest card is just an image with a greeting.
Find your file by clicking Insert > Picture > From File and browse to your image. The image will appear in the centre of your page and may be too big or too wide, don’t worry we can change that. Drag by holding down your cursor on the image and place the top right hand corner to the top right guides, it may well snap to the lines.
You can put the image anywhere you like it is up to you. You will see handles around the image, we can use these to resize the image to fit the card. To keep the Aspect Ratio the same, that is not squashing or squeezing the image, hold down the Shift Key and pull corner handles to resize.
If the image is just too big, try cropping it. Click the picture to select it, choose View > Toolbar > Picture. On the small toolbar look for an icon like a pair of scissors when you click this the handles around the picture change. These can be moved to crop the image. When you are finished click Enter.
The Picture bar is only visible when the picture is selected.
You might like to place some colour around the image. We’ll select the colour first, by clicking on the fill bucket at the top, this opens up a dialogue box that will allow us to either use a colour or a gradient. In the Area tab.  Make sure the Colour option is selected and choose a colour. There is a Colour Tab that allows you to do the same thing.
Once you select a colour click OK.
Find the Rectangle Shape tool on the Drawing Bar at the bottom and click it once. This selects the tool. To place it on the workspace, move the cursor to near enough where you want it and hold down the mouse button and drag the box out, don’t worry if it is not in the right place we can move and reshape it later.
If you have covered the image you need to arrange the layers. Right click the shape > Arrange >send – wherever, backwards or forwards.
Now to put in the greeting Select the Text tool from the Drawing Toolbar, click it once and again drag the cursor diagonally where you want it to go.
Type the text. You can change the colour once it is in place by double clicking the text box and dragging through the text to highlight it.
If the text word wraps to a new line but you want it on one line, try making the text box longer by dragging the end handles. The text box can be moved but Only when the box is selected NOT the text.
Sometimes an element on the workspace get’s in the way and will not let you access another, to get around this right click on it and send it back far enough for you to access the element you do want to work on, then later bring it back.
You can either duplicate this card on the same page by clicking Ctrl + A, then Ctrl + C to copy it, then Ctrl+ V to paste it, and then drag the image down page, or create another masterpiece.

St Patrick’s Day

On this famous Irish day see if you can find info out about the following: National Flag National symbol, copy and paste National Anthem Danny Boy – words and author
Write a letter in green, with an Celtic font National Food – What is Hurling, Where and what is the Puck Fair Blarney Stone – what and where and what do you do and how
Where is Guinness made and what is it made of
Irish National Instrument Author Classical Composer Pop Star.

More On Picasa

Open Picasa. You may see a small window down at the bottom left where Picasa is indexing the files we have transferred
Check out the Picasa window – under the Title Bar are the menu drop downs > File, Edit, View etc – we will be using some of these.
There are many options you will never use, you do not have to learn them all, just be aware of them.
Under this menu bar are several buttons; an Import button that enables you to import files from cameras, scanners, or other media, and several other buttons that if you run your cursor over them will let you know what they do. All your images will be displayed in the large right frame and the visible one will relate to the folder highlighted in the left frame. Your images are arranged under three headings: Albums > People > Folders. The buttons with the red or green triangles can be clicked to expand them  them.
Folders are the most useful when you start.
The way this index is displayed can be varied by clicking the library options to the right of the import button. There are two modes for the index tree, flat and tree, personally I like the tree as this mimics Windows file structure.
By dropping down the View options you can select the order in which folders are displayed, I normally choose date as it is the easiest for me to remember. You must make your own choice.
Options in here will be more useful if you apply tags to images and name the files.
Once you have decided on a folder mode you can now click any of the folders to view the contents in the right frame.
To select an image double click and it will open an editing frame. These are now ready to edit. When you have finished editing, click the Back to Library button to return to you folder index.
Once you have double clicked an image in the library tools available for you will appear in the left frame. There are 5 tabs in Picasa 3. The first two are basic fixes the last three with paintbrushes on them give you ways of changing the image.
Basic fixes > we will explore these today.

  1. Straighten – Many great photos are let down by simple errors eg the horizon is not horizontal, this makes a huge impact.
  2. Red eye is a killer of great portraits and yet can be easily removed.
  3. Cropping will improve many photos
  4. The colour tone of your photos can be often too dark or too light, these can be adjusted.
  5. Retouch allows you to add or remove parts of the image. Practice will make you very adept at this.

As you apply an adjustment you will see in the left frame to option button to undo the change, many changes can be done at once. Once you have made the changes you have several choices: Drop down the File menu:

  1. Save > will save the changes by the same name but will move the original to a folder called original in the same location. This can be retrieved by using the Revert option under File. This will only work providing you’d not move the altered file to another folder.
  2. Save As > Will offer you to replace the original Image with this one with the same name, the original image will not be retrievable.
  3. Export > Will open an interface where you are presented with several options: place to save it, size, etc.

Photo Fun
The three brush tabs allow you to alter you photos in all kinds of interesting ways, this is an area where you really do just play.
Remember the original is not changed except when to choose to replace it by using Save As.
Slide Show
Once you have modified your images, you might wish to make a slideshow of them. One of the best ways to do this is to create a new album and select the images you wish to display, then navigate to the album click the green arrow at the top left hand side of the right frame.
If you wish to play music with this slideshow, drop down the Tools menu > Options > Slideshow and browse for some music.
Make a movie
Again create an album and navigate to it, select the Make a Movie Button top left hand of the Right frame. A new interface will open, check out the options  – again browse for music.
You can create this on your computer or upload them to YouTube. The final movie will be listed in the left frame.

Email to friends
Select your images from the Library, you can choose multiple images by holding down the Ctrl Key, then click the Email link down the bottom of the page.
Choose what email program you wish to use, eg Outlook or Gmail and then follow the prompts. You can change the message in the next page, just highlight and delete the contents of the message window and write your message.

MS Publisher or Open Office Draw.

Just to remind you. Publisher in Word or Draw in Open Office work by using frames with handles.
These frames can be moved, resized, layered, be images, colour or text. They are very good for creating pamphlets, brochures, poster and the like. By Right clicking in the frames you are offered other options to edit the content.
Frames are created by choosing from the Insert ribbon menu an object, text or image or shape, etc, then click the cursor on the page and drag a frame diagonally. Note the cursor changes when we move it onto the page.

Let’s have a go at creating a book cover for the following titles:

celery A Thousand Ways To Cook Celery
The Case Of The Missing Glasses
Train Spotters  Guide To Lord Howe Island
Caving Down Sewers.
Cheese, Cheese, Cheese


Try creating a set of shapes and arrange them on a page
Do the alphabet in vegetables or fruit
Choose three films you like, get a promotion shot and created a poster

BSOD – The Blue Screen Of Death

What to do to help you overcome this disaster – Read On.

 Word – Inserting Stuff

If starting on a new page do one Enter to move the cursor from the first line.

Insert ribbon – Picture > browse for picture > Insert.
Right click in image (if you have clicked away from the image you will need to click twice, the first click selects the image the second the options) > Size and Position > Make sure the Lock aspect ratio is ticked > Change the size of the height or width to suit your needs > OK
The show wrapping we need to put some text. Write a sentence > select the sentence > Ctrl + C > Place the cursor at the end of the sentence and paste once Ctrl + V. Now return to the first sentence and copy just this ( The reason we are doing this is to avoid copying the hidden paragraph mark at the end ot the end. When we paste this multiple times it places each new sentence on a new line.) > Move cursor to the end of the second sentence and hold down the Cytl + V to paste several lines approx 15.
Click on the picture to select and move the picture into the centre of the text. See the text move to above and below the picture. This is called Wrapping. To adjust the way the text interacts with the image, change its Wrapping properties.
Right click on the image to bring up the options > Wrap text > Run the cursor down the options and watch what it does to the relationship.
To get more options > More Layout Options
When two or more pictures overlap the option to Send to Back or Send to Front will appear to allow you to arrange the images, this applies to all overlapping inserts. 


This is best obtained from the net either Google or Bing. The later versions of Word refer one to Bing Clipart as Office.com no long provides clip art.
The same rules apply as with Pictures.


This allows users to choose a variety of ways of popping in visual information., either Text or Images or both.
Insert > SmartArt > select which category > Select which layout > Click Image area to open a browser > select image > Insert.
The image will appear in the area cropped to size.
Click in the text area and type – Formatting the text is done on the Home ribbon either before you start or by selecting the text and formatting it afterward.
Clicking in the SmartArt area will bring up the same options as for Pictures. Select Format Shapoe to pop up options > Fill –  To change the background or Fill. Gradient can produce interesting effects, with preset colours, different Types and directions.
The gradient stops can be fiddled with to create your own gradient > click a stop > Colour. Remove or add stops to suit your design.
We can also choose the transparency for interesting effects
There are numerous other options in this area.

Screen Shot

This will paste any open window on the desktop onto the page. Screenshot > Select the window and click.
A more useful tool here is the Screen Clipping that will capture a part of the screen, Screenshot > Screen Clipping > drag the crosshair across the area you want to insert on the page. Good for capturing net content.

Text Box

Useful for creating movable text, you might wish to put text over a picture for example. Text Box > type the message. To format the text click in the box. To format the box eg colour, line etc, click the edges where the cursor becomes a four headed arrow to bring up the options.


Create an interesting heading to text. Insert > WordArt – select the style you like type the text. Note the ribbon has changed and you have a new set of Drawing Tools. There are two sets of options here. The ones list on the ribbon, Fill, Outline and Effects and more if you click the small box in the lower right hand corner of WordArt Styles. High light the text to change its style.
There are a few bugs here where the text might drift outside the box; you will have to avoid these options.

 Privacy and VPN’s


What is the point of a VPN? In the cyberworld, any typical user’s location can be pinpointed using their “Internet Protocol” address – anyone looking, which includes ISPs, website owners, law enforcement, national security, and criminals, can backtrack on your IP and target your computer and its physical location. Have you ever noticed how you search on, let us say, “shower screens” and suddenly you’re getting ads for suppliers in your own town? Looking into going abroad and ads for the very same destination are everywhere you surf.

IP adress? What’s that? You can’t use the internet without an IP adress – it’s how the internet knows to where it needs to send data. It’s a set of numbers similar to map grid coordinates. Unfortunately, your IP is also used to control your movement on the internet and your usage of various resources. It’s the reason we cannot access free to air UK programs.

How does a VPN help? Think of the subway: to anyone watching you enter Central station, as far as they know, that’s where you are. They can’t see that you’ve actually re-emerged over at Wynyard and are freely and anonymously wandering the city.

Most VPNs give you the ability to freely switch countries so you could be in France one minute, then Spain the next. You can access video content, live sports events, and other geo-blocked content by logging into a server located in the appropriate country. Because you’re using the same IP address as dozens or even hundreds of other users, there’s no way to sort the data.

Is it safe to use a VPN? VPNs also provide an extra layer of security to your data stream. Many countries require ISPs to keep a copy of everything sent and receives. Right now, a stranger could be reading those emails you and your significant other sent back and forth. If you live in a socially progressive country, that may not be a problem; but if you live in a country that is repressive, such information could cause trouble. A VPN encrypts your data stream so that without the key, there’s not only no way to determine what the contents are, but it’s impossible to even tell if it’s an email to your grandmother on her birthday or to the bank.

Now, just because you’re surfing anonymously doesn’t mean you are free from legal restraint. In many countries, VPN providers do, by law, have to keep records of your usage. Usually, they log the username, the time logged in, the time logged out, and the total bandwidth used. They can, they will, and they have turned these logs over to law enforcement when crimes are involved.

Are there more practical benefits to using a VPN? What’s in it for me? Imagine getting to watch your favourite show’s latest episode as it airs instead of being stuck with your country’s episodes which could be up to three seasons late. Because of licensing restrictions, only Americans can watch streaming video – a VPN acts like a passport: since you are using an American IP address, you are welcome to watch anything you want.

What if I’m not at home? Does it still work? Go ahead and bring your laptop – a VPN is accessible anywhere in the world. You can watch your duly-licensed British live television or your HBO subscription from anywhere in the world. Also services like Netflix, Pandora, Hulu, Skype, Facebook and all the Google Apps are accessible in countries where their government blocks the usage of them.

If the VPN is encrypted, will that affect my banking and shopping encryption? Over a standard, unencrypted connection, your transmissions can be copied before they are encrypted. VPN connections are encrypted end-to-end, so data packets are left with nothing to detect.

How do I use VPN
you need to use a client see here to access servers all over the world. There are many free one, but realistically you need to use one with a good bandwidth, and plenty of global servers. The list will give you a guide to prices. You do need to be a little technical with this but there are plenty of clips out there to tell you how.

For most folk it’s not a problem, but if you are fussy about who knows where you’ve been browsing this might be your solution.

Saving streamed video content. Youtube and the like

Flash Video Downloader

his is an add-on for Firefox.
There is a comment on the site that warns this loads Malware onto your computer so be warned.
I’ve not had any issues with this add-on, but use it at your discretion.

Open Firefox and go here: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-us/firefox/addon/flash-video-downloader/
Click Add to Firefox a pop up will prompt you to restart Firefox.

On restart it will open its own page, close.
It is very easy to use, it places a download arrow on your address bar. To download a video just start the video and wait a moment, then click the arrow, several options will appear, choose a HD (high Definition) if possible. Avoid the red one as this is a flash file. When you click it will prompt you as to where you want to put it. Check to see if it is an Mp4 a good option palyable with Media Player.
It will ask you to configure on first use. Don’t enable the Ad’s option.

Any Video Converter

Step 1: Download, install and launch Any Video Converter — Navigate to the Any Video Converter download page, click the orange-lettered Free Download button and follow the on-screen instructions to download, install and launch the program. The freemium software is available for all Windows versions dating back to Windows 2000, supports FLV files in addition to plethora of other formats, and includes video-editing software as well as utilities for converting the resulting FLV into a more accessible format compatible on nearly any device.

Step 2: Set the save location — Once open, click the white gear icon in the upper-right corner of the main AVC interface to open the Options menu. Afterward, select the General tab in the top-left corner, click the grey Browse button and select the appropriate output folder for the resulting file. Alternatively, click the grey Make New Folder button at the bottom of the resulting window to create and name a new directory for the resulting files. When done, click the OK button at the bottom of both windows to apply the changes.

Step 3: Find the video — Assuming you intend to use an FLV file from YouTube, Vevo, Metacafe or a similar site, locate the video you wish to download and cut or copy the specific URL for the page in question

Step 4: Download the video — Once chosen, click the Add URL button next to the green globe at the top of the main AVC interface, followed by the green plus sign at the top of the resulting pop-up window. Insert the URL for the video you wish to download in the text field below the toolbar and click the blue Start Download. Patience.

Step 5: Watch or convert the video — Assuming the download worked flawlessly, the resulting file should be saved in the location you chose in Step 2. Watch the video at your own leisure using one of our top best free media players picks, or convert the video to a readily-accessible format by selecting your device from the drop-down menu in the upper-right corner and specifying the resulting format among other quality options.


Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character messages called “tweets”.

Sign up at twitter.com – Use name, yours or anything – Usual email for verification – Password – Choose User name – no spaces, this is your alias.
Sign up – Follow the prompts for the next options – Use phone if you really need to otherwise skip – Select options if you wish otherwise clear all, you can sort this out later, otherwise choose a few to get started – Upload a picture if you wish or skip – Find People, you can use your email contacts if you wish or find people later, so skip.
You’re off
Home Page – note the top bar with Home through to the Tweeting Pen. Next to the pen is your profile you may have already in place when setting up at the start, if not click here and select settings.
When you start an email confirmation will be requested to access all Twitter services.
There are a few tidy up options to change in the settings before you start. Click on your avatar, to bring up the settings.
Account – you may need to change the time, and there are content filter options.
Security – check out the options you do or don’t want.
Mobile – for confirmation and to download the Twitter app.
Email – there are a heap of notifications here either select what you want or turn off the whole shebang.
Find Friends – contacts in various accounts
Muted and Blocked accounts are fairly obvious.
Design – allows you to change your avatar and the background.
Apps and Widgets – stuff for advanced users.
Interesting Sites and People
You can try contacting and following folk from their web sites. Go to their site and click their twitter icon.  This will take you to their Twitter page, There will be a “Follow” option to place them on your list; tweets they receive if public may also appear in your timeline.
Click the options gear and see if there is a “tweet to” option. Click this and post a tweet.
They may even tweet you back. If you go to someone’s site and you are signed in, the Home link at the top of the page will take you to your twitter home page.
On you home page.
To tweet to a known person you need to find out their address use the search box, if you know their address type this straight in.
Finding friends is next to impossible if you don’t have a twitter name, just how many John Smiths are there?
If you know their username click the Tweeting Pen.
This will open up a new message box where you can tweet (up to 140 characters) and add a photo if you wish. Web addresses will be converted into links.

As follows: @volescamper2  – good to see you know @jackie_ranken great #photos

This message contains a mention and a hashtag reference.

Things to know:
• @   The @ sign is used to call out usernames in Tweets: “Hello @twitter!” People will use your @username to mention you in Tweets, send you a message or link to your profile.
• @username  A username is how you’re identified on Twitter, and is always proceeded immediately by the @ symbol. For instance, Katy Perry is @katyperry.
• # hashtag  A hashtag is any word or phrase immediately preceded by the # symbol. When you click on a hashtag, you’ll see other Tweets containing the same keyword or topic.
• mention  Mentioning other users in your Tweet by including the @ sign followed directly by their username is called a “mention.” Also refers to Tweets in which your @username was included.

You can directly message folk who are following you. They will appear in the Message box.
Now you too can be a twit…

Stuff to do 3

Net stuff
Open IE Make sure the Menu bar is viewable, if not right click in any blank spot above the window and put a tick next to Menu bar, Favourites and Status.
Make a folder in Favourites/Bookmarks – your name, (look in Organise favourites for this). In this folder put two more folders with different categories.
Make a quick link to ABC on the favourites bar
Make two other relevent links in the Favourite folders you have created.
Delete the folder My Places, unless you want it.
Open Google Maps and find the house you were born in, or your first school. What colour is it now?
What phase of the moon are we in now.
When is high tide at Batemans Bay
Find a tetris game This is a good one http://www.freetetris.org/game.php
Download a great font and write a note in it. I’ll show you.

Stuff to do 4 – the Moon

  1. Distance from earth?
  2. Diameter and circumference?
  3. Weight?
  4. What’s it made from?
  5. Who wrote Blue Moon?
  6. First man on the moon – video?
  7. First man on the moon – sound recording?
  8. What is the relevance of the moon in the term lunatic?
  9. What is a luna eclipse – how frequently?
  10. What are king tides?
  11. Early silent movie of Moon landing – director?
  12. Name as many moon goddesses you can?
  13. How many mars bars would reach to the moon?
  14. Find two images of the moon?
  15. Find two paintings of the moon?
  16. Where did the man in the moon idea come from?
  17. Who thought up the moon is made of green cheese?
  18. What is moonlight?
  19. Where did the werewolf mythology come from?
  20. Find a poem about the moon?


Stuff to do 5

  1. Convert $100 australian to roubles.
  2. Where is the Esala Perahera held and what piece of human anatomy does it involve.
  3. How many of these pieces of anatomy does the average human possess?
  4. What is the film Memento about and who was the star, name another film he starred in.
  5. Find a hotel in Melbourne closest to Federation square. Name and Phone number.
  6. Find an equation to describe photosynthesis.
  7. Why is our keyboard called a querty keyboard and why do we use it?
  8. What language has the most words and which the least.
  9. Find a piece of poetry about cheese and put it on a page with an illustration.

Stuff to do 6

  1. Where was Charles Dickens born, find on street view in google.
  2. How many words in the Quran
  3. What’s the time in Helsinki.
  4. Find a recipe for Jing leed.
  5. Where did the name of a piggy bank come from?
  6. What airline company flies from Port Vila to Tanna and how much for a child one way.
  7. Who designed the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
  8. Antidisestablishmentarianism in a long word, are there any longer English words?
  9. How many calories in a banana sandwich?
  10. Find and play the game  lemmings
  11. Create a table  – 1 row 7 cells and colour each cell  with each the colour of the rainbow in order
  12. What other browsers are there beside Internet Explorer , Firefox and Chrome?
  13. In a line try blowing up the letter o from 10p to as big as you can in 10p increments.
  14. Find  an author you like and see what price their latest novel is on amazon. Download the cover page.

Stuff to do 7

Light Matters brush up your astronomy and Physics

Use either Word or OpenOffice

  1. What’s the Speed of light?
  2. Type Einstein’s famous formula about light and matter correctly
  3. Name the farthest visible astronomical object viewable to the unaided eye.
  4. What was happening on Earth at the time the light signal left this object.
  5. Paste an image of this object on a Word/OpenOffice  doc.
  6. Create a Postcard with this image.
  7. Torches now use LED light, what is this?
  8. What does LASER stand for, and briefly copy and paste a definition into Word/OpenOffice
  9. What colour would a pure red light appear if viewed through a pure blue filter.
  10. Create 7 shapes in Publisher/OpenOffice Draw/Paint each a colour from the rainbow.
  11. Overlap them in order

    File Types for the written word

    Once upon a time everyone had Microsoft Office so it was never an issue when sending written information, but today, many people don’t have Office, some people don’t even have an Office Type program on their computer. Why do they need it when they send emails all the time and just download information to read, rather than create it.

    So if you are a creator sending to an audience you need to use PDF files because nearly everyone has the means to open this type of file through their internet browser or Adobe Reader.

    So when saving a written document file, below the File Name box is the Save as type. Here drop down the menu and select PDF. Attach this to your email.

    Now everyone can read your ramblings

    Stuff to do 8

    1. Find favourite picture on the net aqnd save to the computer – open Word/Open Office and place picture on page _ underneath say why you like this picture.
    2. In Paint create a logo with 3 squares and 3 circles.
    3. Find a picture by MC Escher and email a small version 320 pixels to yourself
    4. Find a short nursery rhyme, copy and paste in into Word/Open Office Write. Illustrate.
    5. Where is the cheapest hotel in central Melbourne on March 1st
    6. What is the cheapest flight to Bali on March 1st.
    7. Find a recipe for Chicken Teriyaki Copy and paste it to a friend.
    8. What time is High tide in Batemans bay
    9. What’s the value of 95,000,000 yen in aussie dollars.
    10. Use Red Book to find the value of your car.
    11. Change your mouse pointer to black.
    12. What are Bacteriophages and find a picture of a T4 one.
    13. How do you pick prickly Pear and prepare it.
    14. Find the album Pink Floyd Money and play it
    15. Use Notepad to create a heap of letters, on the first line A, second BB, third, ccc, etc etc.
    16. Take a coloured image and take away the colour so it is in black and white.
    17. Create and document with penguins as the watermark, (hint, penguins should be in the sample images).
    18. Create a short cut on your desk top to notepad
    19. Find all the words with the vovels included.
    20. What’s the roman for 2014.

Try these with your Internet Browser

These are useful tools and it is good to know where they are,ferret about in the bowser drop down menus File, Edit< View etc. If you cannot see these menu bars you are either using Microsoft Edge and will need to use the settings link or in Internet Explorer and Firefox you need to show these.
Right click in a blank area next to the Top Tabs, and you should see Options you can tick the top three starting with the menu bar. They will then appear.

it if you’re not sure ask at your LAG meeting

Browse to a page eg Wikipedia so there is lots of text and pictures
Change the font size
Find your Pop-Up Blocker
Change the view to Full Screen mode
Turn on Private browsing, useful if you are using friends computers or travelling.
Save this page in your favourites.
Check your add-ons to see if you have Adobe Reader
Save a picture from the Wikipedia Page
Send a shortcut of this page to your desk top
Check out Print Preview, use this when printing emails .Change the print to landscape. Change the page to 50%.
Find Tabs in the Internet Options and in the advance part tick Always switch to new tabs…
Open this page https://euroscug.org/test/ and click the Tester Link: on the page find who wrote Bridge of Birds without scrolling.

Making Lamingtons

Open Word Or Write in Open Office
Web Search for recipe.
Copy and paste text
Deformat text
Copy and paste Image
Explore Wrap effects

Create folder for recipes
File Explorer

Find better image

Email recipe
Embed image
Create Attachment
Save to USB

 Trivia Search


Find map. Save it.
Who discovered it?
What was the temperature in Hobart today?
When did the last Thylacine die? Where? Find a film clip of this thylacine.
Cradle Mountain’s height?
What was the port of Strahan originally used for?
Who stayed on Sarah Island
What was the Shot Tower for in Hobart?
What beer is brewed in Launceston? Send yourself a link to their site.
Find a picture of the southern aurora australis, save it and insert it into a document.
What drug is grown commercially in Tasmania? Find a picture.
What is caught on Flinders Island? How do you cook it?
What is the national emblem of Tasmania. Save a picture.

File Management  – Win10

Windows File explorer – This is the heart of file management.

Libraries are on the task bar > click once to open, note there are two frames the left with drives, and folders, the right with the contents of whatever is clicked on the left frame.
Frames – Note in the left frame all drives and most folders have a small hatch mark clicking this opens the folder to show other folders but does not open them in the right frame. No Hatch no folders in the folder!
Saving – Windows generally defaults to save documents in Documents, pictures in Pictures and music in Music, when you go to save anything. If this isn’t where you want the files to go, you will need to browse to find the right folder. Just follow the thread.
Moving – Folders and files can be moved around by using one of many tools, it can be dragged with the left button, or right button, the latter is safer. Or you can copy and paste it or Cut and paste it. These commands are available at the top of the Windows Explorer. If you cannot see them click the downward hatch top right next to the Help ? Symbol.
Viewing – Files and folders can also be displayed in many ways depending on how you want to access the information. Check out View > Layout
Selection copy and pasting etc is done under the Home tab.For text/doc files Listing or details is the most useful, for Pictures, icons is more useful, though details can be useful when you want to know when the file was created.
Right clicking in the right frame will also give you options eg, sorting and grouping. When viewing in Details mode columns can be sorted by clicking at the top of the columns. Folder first, then files. This is available in many places where there are columns, eg emails
Creating – New folders can be created anywhere, either using the menus or right clicking and selecting New.
Renaming – Folders and files can be renamed by right clicking and selecting rename, there is a trick when doing this with lots of files next to each other, once renamed clicking the Tab button will take you to the next file.
Navigate – use the breadcrumb trail when mining down into folders, it appears above the frames and can be used to navigate The hatch marks display the contents of the next folder.
USB Sticks – are really just drives and depending on your Autoplay settings will either pop up a small window with options or just list the drive in the right frame of Explorer. Files are treated as in any other drive.
Discs – when inserted behave in different ways depending on your setup. If they are program discs it is more than likely they will autoplay and open the Setup.exe file and start to load a program, although if they have done this once they may just add themselves to the Drive list. If they just contain files they will again add themselves to the Drive list, or pop up a window to give you options.
Searching – this can be done from the Search box on the Task Bar, or in the right frame where there is a small search box.


Stuff to do – the body

How many bones in the body?
What’s the smallest? Find a picture.
What’s the largest?
What is the surface area approximately of the surface of the lungs?
How many litres of blood  in the body of an average full grown woman?
What do platelets look like? Find a picture.
What does arrhythmia sound like? look for an example.
What was the purpose of using leeches?
Is there an estimate for the number of nerve connections in the body?
What does bile do?
Can we digest lettuce?
What is the average weight of bacteria in the body?
What do E.coli look like?
Find a medieval drawing of the body, paste it onto a slide.

Maps – A free, Google navigation app.

If this is not bundled with your phone you will need to get it from the google Play Store. It is not huge, but the maps needed to use this offline can be depending on the area you want to cover.
Turn on the GPS in the settings menu > slide down from top and touch GPS. Remember this system option is battery hungry!
When opening for the first time there is the usual ToS to agree to > Accept > Next a request for more information > Skip will open a map of Australia or Yes will open a map where you are located.
Note at the top is a search bar with menu bars and a speech icon to tell the system where you want to go (not good with my accent).
The menu bars will reveal several options.
To immediately start Navigating drop down the menu and touch Start driving. This opens a Set Destination box, type in the end point and a voice give you a message.
A bar will appear at the top with your position with an arrow to the left , this open and closes a bar at the bottom with a menu and route icon. Touching this arrow icon takes you through this cycle.
It is a good idea to create a list of Your places, this will save you time and frustration later. To save a place you need to return to the search box type in a place, it will show you the map. There is now the option to Save, Share or Download the area map.
Here you can save your Home Place and if you want your Work place. It will probably at the beginning make your location the home place, you can edit this later using the menu dots to the right of the entry.
To remove saved places, drop down menu from search and select Your Places, the menu dots present the option to remove.
Saved places can be given a label, go to the map with the place pin > touch the pin and Label is an option.
Touching the search box will drop down a menu and a keyboard. This hides half the content so slide on the drop down to hide the keyboard. Touching the map hides the keyboard and closes the dropdown, touching the dropdown opens where you touch, Tricky – hence the slide.
Note list of places and options, touching any will bring up a map and information, or the blue icons will show a map and a route.
When you get lost in the menus, return to the first page by using the return arrow – top left; to return to the navigation dropdown look for the return arrow – bottom right.
There are numerous other options available in the menu to be found by this path Menu > Your Places > Saved > Touch the Search box > slide keyboard out of the way and there are services now to be popped onto the map. Touch More for more services and places of interest. They will appear on the map.
Offline Area Maps can be found by going to your Saved Places and touching any place, you will see the option to download the area. It will give you the size which can be decreased by zooming in.
Google Maps can produce a route for any mode of transport. Find a destination by searching or use your saved places, touch the car icon to bring up the planned route and the other transport options eg train, walking etc. The Options here like how to avoid motorways, tolls or ferries.
It is a good idea to fiddle with this app as the navigation can be a bit confusing when trying to find a specific place.

Waze – Social Navigation Tool

Waze is a social network navigation tool where you share the road with other Wazers. You share real time information about what is happening on the road, Police checks, Accidents, Traffic conditions etc. These will appear on your map as you progress posted by other Wazers. It also shows other Wazers on the road, including you.
Install from Google Play Store, Waze will ask for access to lots of stuff on your device, if you don’t accept them it will not install. Open. The usual ToS > Accept. It will demand a phone number and will not continue without it, this is to send you a text message to verify you are whatever. Choose country and mob number > send > create your profile > Next now create your username, next > a Map will open where you are now.
Click the blue Waze icon bottom left > Add a home addresses and if you want a work address. Return to the menu using the return arrow top left.
To go somewhere from the menu touch Plan Drive > touch search box (it might have Change destination) > type destination (it will guess check the possibilities) > a time line will appear > Save > wait > a map will appear with a timeline and a Go Now option at the bottom. This option has a timer on taking it as a GO. Optional Routes can be found from here. Touch the map and you are on your way.
The orange icon bottom right opens up the power of Waze; here there are heaps of options, each of these will bring up another page.
When using the Orange Options to return to the map, use your device return button or a short slide on the page will also return you to the map.
You can slide a menu from each side, to the left is the Options menu to the right is your device. You will see your current drive and can delete it by sliding the line from the left to reveal an information icon that takes you to the map and a trash bin to delete it.
This program needs exploring to get the most out of it. There are heaps of tubes out there to help use the social aspect of this app. In the settings you can even change the model of your car!


The ultimate security system for your computer, Sandboxie runs your programs in an isolated space which prevents them from making permanent changes to other programs and data in your computer.

Firefox runs better sandboxed than Internet Explorer, which can pop up totally meaningless warnings.  Win 10’s Edge does not run in a sandbox.


  • Secure Web Browsing: Running your Web browser under the protection of Sandboxie means that all malicious software downloaded by the browser is trapped in the sandbox and can be discarded easily.
  • Enhanced Privacy: Browsing history, cookies, and cached temporary files collected while Web browsing stay in the sandbox and don’t leak into Windows.
  • Secure E-mail: Viruses and other malicious software that might be hiding in your email can’t break out of the sandbox and can’t infect your real system.
  • Windows Stays Lean: Prevent wear-and-tear in Windows by installing software into an isolated sandbox.

To find out more about the very useful program visit the website here.

Computer Trivia

  1. Name the versions of Windows in order of release?
  2. What other operating systems are there?
  3. What is DOS and who invented it?
  4. What price was DOS sold for?
  5. Who bought it?
  6. What do the acronyms CPU, RAM, USB, HDD, SSD, HDMI, stand for ?
  7. What does the underside of a CPU look like? Get a photo and download it.
  8. What does it cost to run a PC?
  9. Find a good computer joke you like? Send it to me.
  10. Find another joke and send me a link.
  11. Write down the path needed to adjust the speed your mouse motion speed? Eg Start Menu > Next place > next place?


Text Correction Exercise


A frog goes into a bank and approaches the teller. He can see

>from her

>nameplate that the teller’s name is Patricia Whack.

>So, he says, “Mrs. Whack, I’d like to get a loan to buy a boat

>and go on a

>long vacation.”

>Patti looks at the frog in disbelief and asks how much he wants

>to borrow.

>The frog says “$30,000.”

>The teller asks his name and the frog says that his name is

>Kermit Jagger,

>his dad is Mick Jagger, and that it is OK, he knows the bank manager.

>Patti explains that $30,000 is a substantial amount of

>money and that he

>will need to secure some collateral against the loan. She

>asks if he has

>anything he can use as collateral.

>The frog says, “Sure, I have this,” and produces a tiny pink


>elephant, about half an inch tall. Bright pink and perfectly formed.

>Very confused, Patti explains that she’ll have to consult

with the manager

>and disappears into a back office. She finds the manager and

>says: “There’s

>a frog called Kermit Jagger out there who claims to know

>you and wants to

>borrow $30,000. And he wants to use this as collateral.” She

>holds up the

>tiny pink elephant. “I mean, what the heck is this?”


>The bank manager looks back at her and says, “It’s a knick

>knack, Patti

>Whack. Give the frog a loan. His old man’s a rolling stone.”

Puzzle solvers and help

Sudoku solver

Andrews site
http://www.sudokuwiki.org/Sudoku_Solver_for_Android  $1.99
Cryptic Crosswords
http://solving-cryptics.com/ starters and definitions


Crossword Cheats


The world at your finger tips

Here’s some hints: 

Web Sites – Search Tools – Advanced Search
Image Search – Upload Image – Types of Images – Printable/Non-Printable
You Tube – Music and Video
Cash Converter – 100aud To Usd
Weight Converter –2  Lbs To Kgs
Language Converter – Convert French To English
Stop watch – Google Timer
Sunrise Times – Sunrise In Sydney
eather today – Weather Sydney
Flight Arrival Time – Quantas Pk 304
Distances between places – Sydney To Darwin
Authors Books – Books By Cherie Priest
Calories In – Calories Pizza
Maps – Street View – Directions – Earth View
Drive – Online Documents/Photos that can be shared with friends and family
Calendar – Keep Organised
Define – Define  xxxxxx  to find out about a word
Maths – calculate 2 x 4

And this is just the Start…

Find the following Foodie Things

A  Michelin chef? Save a Photo.
Who or what was Michelin? 
What are Michelin hats?
A Michelin restaurant, note the URL address?
Menu from this restaurant? Copy it and put in in a Text Document
The recipe for one dish? Email it to yourself.
What’s your favourite restaurant? – Find it on Google Street View.
What’s your favourite dish? – Find a recipe.
What’s your favourite Wine or Cordial or Mineral Water. – Copy the label.

The Herbs

What is the difference between herbs and spices

What are the following herbs used for:
St. John’s Wort
Saw palmetto

What is the doctrine of signatures, give an example

Make a bulleted list of as many herbs as you can remember

Choose one herb flower and change the bullets to it

Find a recipe using Vietnamese Mint

What is your favourite herb – find its Latin name

To label your herbs, create a one column table with the cells 6cm x 2cm
Write in the name of 6 popular culinary herbs in the cells.

Understanding formatted text in copy/paste
See this PDF file

 Recovery Options in Win 10

This article covers most of Windows 10 recovery tools and is well presented

Recovery in Win 10


First car you owned –  find picture and paste onto a  page with a caption.

Do the same for the car you own now.

Find the fuel consumptions of both cars.

Price of fuel when you owned the first car.

Price of fuel today.

Using the figures below, draw a graph of both cars fuel consumption. Use any spreadsheet program like excel.

Weekly mileage driven: 250, 144, 301, 312, 98, 150, 221, 198, 133, 205

What is the worlds most expensive car today

What is the worlds cheapest car today


Frames and Handles 

Whenever we work on a computer it is not long before we need to use handles and frames.

What do I mean by this? Handles are means of moving stuff, and we often need to move stuff when we are working.

The basic handle we’ll need are the window handles, these are on the edges and the corners of every window, but only when minimised. Try resizing them.

In windows the title bar at the top is the handle to move them about.

Whenever you are in a place with a list, say your emails, or looking at a set of files, there are handles that allow the columns to be resized. They generally hidden but reside just above the joining of the two columns and running your mouse over them will reveal them as a symbol like this -][-.

Holding down on the symbol will allow you to move the columns.

Handles and Frames are really important when using programs like Word, Publisher, PowerPoint and Open Office equivalents. We often need to insert images or text boxes into documents and adjust them once they are there. Actions described below also apply to a vast number of other programs.

If we insert an object whether it is a text box or picture we’ll encounter frames and handles. When you insert a picture, you’ll notice around the edges a boundary line, and on the line are small circles, at the corners and in the centre of the lines. These handles can be grasped by holding down the left mouse button and dragging them. The edges work horizontally or vertically, the corners in any direction. To keep the aspect ratio, hold down the Shift key when you are dragging.

The handles are sometimes invisible you just have to move the mouse over where they should be and usually a two headed arrow will appear.

Another handle, the four headed arrow is to move objects, again holding down the left mouse key enables you to move them about. They do not always move as they are sometimes “locked” or anchored. The need to have their wrapping attribute changed, see below.

Some boxes allow you to rotate the contents of the box, look for the lollipop handle usually on the top line of the frame.

Actions here are related to Microsoft Office, Open Office has similar options and these are usually found when right Clicking on the frame.

To check on the properties of the frame the handle defines, you need to right click on the frame NOT the contents to bring up a set of options.  Clicking inside the frame brings up other options.

These frames allow us to lay objects upon each other overlapping in a way that is not possible with plain text. This is called Wrapping and this option can be usually found by right clicking the frame. This attribute allows the frame to interact with the text. Generally by default the frames are aligned to the text and are treated like text.  Wrapping allows us to change this attribute in many different ways. Selecting Behind or In Front of Text frees the frames to be placed anywhere. The Layout Ribbon offers us many options for fiddling with frames.

When putting together a document with many frames it is often necessary to align frames to improve the design look. Holding down the shift key when selecting links them together and allows us to align them. Aligning is found in the Layout tab of the ribbon. Multiple frames can also be Grouped so they can be moved as one. This is done by multiple selection and then clicking Group in the Layout Ribbon.

Frames can also be stacked when you want to overlap them, After overlapping them by selecting one frame you can change its stacking order bringing it forward or backward..

One Line Table

Using Word or OpenOffice Writer

1 – Using Century Gothic Size 14 as many letters of the alphabet that will fit on one line. Separate each letter with a Tab stop

A       b       c       etc…

Create a one line table with as many cells as the number of letters you fitted into a line above.

2 – Place a corresponding letter in each cell


3 – These letter will probably be capitals as they are the first letter of a cell – stop word doing this. (This is to do with Options)

a b c d e

4 – Repeat  the first line you typed in 1 and without creating the table first place these letters into a table as in 2.

5 – Change the cell separators to red, and the outside boundary to blue

6 – Create a one line table as above and into each cell place an object that starts with the same letter of the alphabet. The image has to be in the middle of the cell vertically and horizontally.


Shares and making your fortune

To Start:

Online bank Account

For Comsec a Commonwealth Netbank account will save you money on transactions. You can if you wish use your own account.

ASX – Australian Stock Exchange – listings, research, action.

You do not need to register, but there are advantages in doing so.

Once registered you can create watch lists, etc. and receive a newsletter.

It offers a swag of help, courses, tutorials etc.

The ASX does not trade shares but will recommend online brokering if you want to use this option.

Chess – Share Registry

CHESS (Clearing House Electronic Sub-register System) is the system used by the ASX to record shareholdings and manage the settlement of share transactions.

You need to be sponsored by a broker eg. Comsec which then automatically registers any share transactions with CHESS. Comsec automatically allocates you a Chess Number.


Comsec – Trading arm of the Commonwealth Bank

Join – during the application you will need 2 x ID documents, eg Passport, Drivers Licence, Medicare Card.

You will need to choose the type of account eg, Individual, Joint, Trust, Company etc. These will have tax implications.

Follow the prompts, during the process you can choose to use your bank or use CDIA (Commonwealth Direct Investment Account) that is linked to Netbank. You just need to make sure there is money in the account to cover the cost within 2 days from transaction.

With Comsec you can do the following:

Create Watch Lists

View trading charts



App on phone – notify alerts, etc.

Research Company info

Create a share Portfolio

Obtain End of financial year statements 

Hot Copper – Trading Advisor – free registration – forum (need to register) – https://hotcopper.com.au/

The Bull – Trading Advisor – free – newsletter – http://www.thebull.com.au/

Motley Fool – Trading Advisor – membership fee – https://www.fool.com.au/

Australian Shareholders’ Association – Membership Fee – https://www.australianshareholders.com.au/


Check here for a greater breakdown;  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Industry_Classification_Standard

Sharemarket Games

Still not sure – try playing on the market at no risk: http://www.stockwatch.com.au/ or http://www.asx.com.au/education/sharemarket-game.htm

Or explore the ASX as they also run a stockmarket game http://www.asx.com.au/education/sharemarket-game.htm


You should be aware of how to do the following with all three Browsers, Edge, Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.

URLs and the address bar
Setting Homepage
Links and Saving Links
Navigation buttons
Tabbed browsing
Bookmarks and history
Downloading files
Saving images
Managing Plug-ins and Add-ons
Deleting Browsing History
Managing Favourites
In Private Browsing
Copying and pasting Text
Moving through the Page
Scrolling and scroll wheel



Creating a Template in Word

Using the information below, create a certificate as a template to be filled in with any information at the relevant places

Godparent Certificate

“Godparents undertake a special and lifelong interest in the welfare of the child and support the parents in their relationship with their child.”

This is to certify that

was honoured as Godparent for

Who was born on the day of

Celebrated at

With as Celebrant


Celebrant Signature

File History and Backup

Check out this article on turning on File history and backing up onto an external drive


Using SyncToy, a Microsoft program.
This program is easy to use and creates a copied backup that can be read directly and doesn’t need to be translated. Restoring is easy, just copy and paste the backup into the relevant folders.
You need an external drive; either a USB stick, external Hard Drive or Solid State Drive SDD. It is important to disconnect this drive save after backing up.
SyncToy works by creating folder pairs, the left folder is where the files/folders are coming from, the right folder is where they are going to. Click Create Folder Pair.
Browse for the left folder you wish to backup, a pop up menu will present a file explorer – click libraries Documents – My Documents. [choose a broad brush eg My Documents.] OK
Browse for the right folder you wish to create. It is best to save backups on a separate drive to your hard drive in case it fails. These can be a stick or external hard drive. In the popup window click computer to find the drive you are saving to, click this to highlight it. You will need to Make a New Folder on the drive you wish to backup to. Name it Backup(date). OK.
You have three choices, for backing up choose Echo. By clicking on the options you will be given a short description of what the option does. Next
Name the folder pair eg Mikes Backup. Finish.
This will open a new page that will open the Next time you start SyncToy. To run the backup click Run and another window will open to give you the progress.
SyncToy takes some time to do the first backup, but after this it is much faster as it only backups those new files and those that have changed.
From the main window, you can create further folder pairs or delete them as you wish. Deleting the pair does not delete the folder it refers to, this needs to be done manually
Remember to back up folder like your Internet Explorer Favourites which are not stored in your Docs File, nor are your PC based Email contacts and messages. These need to be added as well.
Synctoy is not automatic, you need do it yourself, it can be made automatic but we advise not having the backup drive permanently connected due to the Cryptolocker Virus. To set this up follow THIS LINK Ignore Win 7 the interface is the same for Win 10.

In Win 10 you need to enable Net framework 3.5, follow this pathway to do this >Control Panel . Programs > Turn Windows features on and off > .Net Framework click + and tick both boxes > OK…This will take a moment, let it do its thing. Earlier versions will need to download and install it –  follow link at the top pf the page.

Synctoy will save files into OneDrive if you want cloud storage.

Replacing text

To replace a single letter is easy but to replace the same letter many times takes time to do individually, hence the replacement option in Word and Open Office. Use Control+h, check out the other options here.

The Fog sat on the hat.

The Fog sat on the hat.

The Fog sat on the hat.

The Fog sat on the hat.

The Fog sat on the hat.

The Fog sat on the hat.

Typing exercise.

Keyboard Drills Position your fingers in the home position and try to type each set of letters without looking at the keyboard. 

Homerow Keys Drill  

ff dd ss aa jj kk ll ;;
aaa sss ddd fff ;;; lll kkk jjj
fff jjj ddd kkk sss lll aaa ;;;
aaa ;;; sss lll ddd kkk fff jjj
ggg hhh gfg hjh  

 Top Row Keys Drill 

rr ee ww qq uu ii oo pp
qqq www eee rrr ppp ooo iii uuu
rrr uuu eee iii www ooo qqq ppp
qqq ppp www ooo eee iii rrr uuu
ttt yyy trt yuy  

 Bottom Row Keys Drill  

vv cc xx zz mm ,, .. //
zzz xxx ccc vvv /// … ,,, mmm
vvv mmm ccc ,,, xxx … zzz ///
zzz /// xxx … ccc ,,, vvv mmm
bbb nnn bvb nmn

File sharing in Win 10

Link to file sharing document – LINK

Mozilla Firefox Alternative to Internet Explorer.

Download Firefox
Set up – follow the prompts
Personalise from Tools
Homepage – what do you want to start with?
Bookmarks – EuroSCUG, eBay, IMDB,
Install – menu bar/ Bookmarks
Export/import bookmarks from Edge/Internet Explorer
Organise bookmarks – move them from bookmarks to bookmark bar
Tabs:     When selected – what happens?
New Tab – what happens?
Downloads – where to put them
Add-one – Extensions – Flash Video Downloader
Full page key
Check out any other Options and Icons