Mike’s Exercises

Are we talking about ferrets here?

If not, Click on any of the links below that might interest you and to return to the top use your back button


Files can be downloaded from below, they are stored on our Google Drive folder and will open a page where you can click on the link to install the program

Picasa  – Google Picture Editor


Installing Microsoft Synctoy Backup

Using an older version of Windows? Then you need to install this File before installing Synctoy

Microsoft Net Framework 3.5  – open first

Win 10 already has this installed but it needs to be enabled – see HERE

Download Synctoy Backup 


April Quiz

Open a page you can write and paste onto.

What part did Edward Jenner play in immunisation? Find a picture and paste it onto your page.

Where was the earliest records of a syringe? Place a map of the country onto your page.

What year was the first injection recorded? By Whom and where?
Record this name.

When and who was Letitia Mumford Greer? Paste an image of her invention on the page.

List 10 diseases controlled by vaccination.

What are viruses made off? Paste a drawing of one with labelled parts.

How do viruses reproduce? Find a video simulation and paste the URL on your page, with a link.

When was the first virus recognised and by whom?


Classes, exercises


Casting to Your Dumb TV

Printing from your Android Device

VPN – Virtual Private Networks

Picasa – Photo Management

More On Picasa

Privacy, another casualty of the internet.

Understanding formatted text in copy/paste

One Line Table

Browsers

Template

 Backup with Win 10

Using Synctoy


Casting to your Dumb TV using Google Chromecast

To use this device you need to install Google Chrome on your Laptop or Google Home on your Tablet/Phone. Once setup you can cast your device content using either Google Chrome or Opera (another Browser)

Setup Google Chromecast….

Do the above exactly, and follow the prompts on your TV./device. If your antique TV does not have an HDMI port, then the library offers a wonderful range of books, DVDs and Audio books.
Alternatively it might be time to use the children’s inheritance, go for gold and buy a new TV….

Google Chrome
From your Laptop…
Open Chrome  > click the 3 dots top right hand corner > Cast > choose the source you setup in the Chromecast Setup > Note a new Casting icon will appear top right, On your laptop, you may now view any Browser content on your TV.
To stop casting click the casting icon and deselect the source.

Google Home on your Tablet/Phone
Click the Home Icon > Other Cast Devices > Select the TV you setup > Click Cast my Screen > You can now view any content

Opera
Click settings burger top right > scroll to bottom of Easy Setup frame > click Go to Browser settings > Drop down Advanced under Basic > Select Browser > Scroll down to User Interface > Click Enable Chromecast support to turn on. You only need to do this once.
Go to either Iview/sbs/netflix > Right click on page before you select your content > Select Cast > choose casting source > A casting icon will appear Top Right next to Settings burger. > select what you want to watch.
To stop casting click the casting icon and deselect the source.

Remember – When casting the TV’s source input is changed automatically, you need to change it back to the default to return to normal viewing.


PrinterShare App

There is a price for this App but it is only a few dollars. It is easy to setup and use. Download the free trial version first and print a test page to make sure it is compatible with your setup. That way you can try before buy….

Click Here to see how it works

To Print from your printer it will have to either be networked to your WiFi modem or be able to be connected directly.|

Google Play Store
Find PrinterShare
Install
Open
On Pictures/contacts/calendar page > Select At bottom > Printer not selected > Select
Nearby WiFi or whatever…
Select which Printer you want to use.
Print test page to test > Print
Once you can see it works, Upgrade to the premium version.
To Print anything else navigate to find it from the start page.
OR
When at home or within range of your WiFi Router.
Open Phone settings> Search > type Print.
Make sure default printing service is ON
Add service > Tap > scroll down to PrinterShare Mobile Print > tap > Install…
Then as above.
This will only work at home or when your device is registered on a network service.


VPN – Virtual Private Network

If you have read my article below on Privacy you might like some more information on VPNs.
In China for example, without a VPN  you cannot use Google or apps like WhatsApp. One option is to sign up just before you leave as many of the pay VPNs have a 30 day free trial. Then if you think it is worth using them you can pay up when you return and away you go.
VPNs also allow you to watch programs that are restricted to the country of origin. If you select a server which VPNs make it easy to do in that country, you can watch content eg the BBC in the UK. Or even Australian content when you are overseas.
There are pay for versions and there are free versions. The general consensus is that free versions are not a good idea and could compromise your privacy as much as hiding it. So if you want to obtain a VPN check the net for other VPN options
I pay for ExpressVPN and find it very good. It allows you to have up to 3 units using it at  once, and there is a chat link on the website if you run into problems. It is available on PCs, Android and Apple.


Picasa – Photo Management

This week we will check out Picasa 3.9. This version offers many more tweaking tools than ever before. Download Picasa 3.9 from here: Picasa
This downloads the setup file which is not huge. Click on the file and the wizard will guide you through. When you get to selecting images, choose only the Documents option. If you wish to keep Windows Picture viewer, don’t choose to let Picasa handle viewing of all your image files.
It will also ask if you wish to use a Google toolbar, say no.
Picasa will find all your images automatically. When you open Picasa, you will see a left frame where the options are files or options are listed, and a right frame which is the work area.
From the library on the left frame choose an image file to tweak and then explore the various options.
Picasa always preserves the original file. In the File drop down it gives you the option of saving the new file or exporting it where you can change the size if you wish.
Try Adding Captions to your photos and that way you will be able to find them quickly, open an image and just underneath there is add caption, click it and type.
There are many ways to make pictures look more professional, straightening, balancing the colours, cropping out unwanted stuff, etc, etc. If you have a Google Account you can upload images to an online Album. Checkout options in Tools to Upload.


More On Picasa

Open Picasa. You may see a small window down at the bottom left where Picasa is indexing the files we have transferred
Check out the Picasa window – under the Title Bar are the menu drop downs > File, Edit, View etc – we will be using some of these.
There are many options you will never use, you do not have to learn them all, just be aware of them.
Under this menu bar are several buttons; an Import button that enables you to import files from cameras, scanners, or other media, and several other buttons that if you run your cursor over them will let you know what they do. All your images will be displayed in the large right frame and the visible one will relate to the folder highlighted in the left frame. Your images are arranged under three headings: Albums > People > Folders. The buttons with the red or green triangles can be clicked to expand them  them.
Folders are the most useful when you start.
The way this index is displayed can be varied by clicking the library options to the right of the import button. There are two modes for the index tree, flat and tree, personally I like the tree as this mimics Windows file structure.
By dropping down the View options you can select the order in which folders are displayed, I normally choose date as it is the easiest for me to remember. You must make your own choice.
Options in here will be more useful if you apply tags to images and name the files.
Once you have decided on a folder mode you can now click any of the folders to view the contents in the right frame.
To select an image double click and it will open an editing frame. These are now ready to edit. When you have finished editing, click the Back to Library button to return to you folder index.
Once you have double clicked an image in the library tools available for you will appear in the left frame. There are 5 tabs in Picasa 3. The first two are basic fixes the last three with paintbrushes on them give you ways of changing the image.
Basic fixes > we will explore these today.

  1. Straighten – Many great photos are let down by simple errors eg the horizon is not horizontal, this makes a huge impact.
  2. Red eye is a killer of great portraits and yet can be easily removed.
  3. Cropping will improve many photos
  4. The colour tone of your photos can be often too dark or too light, these can be adjusted.
  5. Retouch allows you to add or remove parts of the image. Practice will make you very adept at this.

As you apply an adjustment you will see in the left frame to option button to undo the change, many changes can be done at once. Once you have made the changes you have several choices: Drop down the File menu:

  1. Save > will save the changes by the same name but will move the original to a folder called original in the same location. This can be retrieved by using the Revert option under File. This will only work providing you’d not move the altered file to another folder.
  2. Save As > Will offer you to replace the original Image with this one with the same name, the original image will not be retrievable.
  3. Export > Will open an interface where you are presented with several options: place to save it, size, etc.

Photo Fun
The three brush tabs allow you to alter you photos in all kinds of interesting ways, this is an area where you really do just play.
Remember the original is not changed except when to choose to replace it by using Save As.
Slide Show
Once you have modified your images, you might wish to make a slideshow of them. One of the best ways to do this is to create a new album and select the images you wish to display, then navigate to the album click the green arrow at the top left hand side of the right frame.
If you wish to play music with this slideshow, drop down the Tools menu > Options > Slideshow and browse for some music.
Make a movie
Again create an album and navigate to it, select the Make a Movie Button top left hand of the Right frame. A new interface will open, check out the options  – again browse for music.
You can create this on your computer or upload them to YouTube. The final movie will be listed in the left frame.

Email to friends
Select your images from the Library, you can choose multiple images by holding down the Ctrl Key, then click the Email link down the bottom of the page.
Choose what email program you wish to use, eg Outlook or Gmail and then follow the prompts. You can change the message in the next page, just highlight and delete the contents of the message window and write your message.


 Privacy and VPN’s

 

What is the point of a VPN? In the cyberworld, any typical user’s location can be pinpointed using their “Internet Protocol” address – anyone looking, which includes ISPs, website owners, law enforcement, national security, and criminals, can backtrack on your IP and target your computer and its physical location. Have you ever noticed how you search on, let us say, “shower screens” and suddenly you’re getting ads for suppliers in your own town? Looking into going abroad and ads for the very same destination are everywhere you surf.

IP adress? What’s that? You can’t use the internet without an IP adress – it’s how the internet knows to where it needs to send data. It’s a set of numbers similar to map grid coordinates. Unfortunately, your IP is also used to control your movement on the internet and your usage of various resources. It’s the reason we cannot access free to air UK programs.

How does a VPN help? Think of the subway: to anyone watching you enter Central station, as far as they know, that’s where you are. They can’t see that you’ve actually re-emerged over at Wynyard and are freely and anonymously wandering the city.

Most VPNs give you the ability to freely switch countries so you could be in France one minute, then Spain the next. You can access video content, live sports events, and other geo-blocked content by logging into a server located in the appropriate country. Because you’re using the same IP address as dozens or even hundreds of other users, there’s no way to sort the data.

Is it safe to use a VPN? VPNs also provide an extra layer of security to your data stream. Many countries require ISPs to keep a copy of everything sent and receives. Right now, a stranger could be reading those emails you and your significant other sent back and forth. If you live in a socially progressive country, that may not be a problem; but if you live in a country that is repressive, such information could cause trouble. A VPN encrypts your data stream so that without the key, there’s not only no way to determine what the contents are, but it’s impossible to even tell if it’s an email to your grandmother on her birthday or to the bank.

Now, just because you’re surfing anonymously doesn’t mean you are free from legal restraint. In many countries, VPN providers do, by law, have to keep records of your usage. Usually, they log the username, the time logged in, the time logged out, and the total bandwidth used. They can, they will, and they have turned these logs over to law enforcement when crimes are involved.

Are there more practical benefits to using a VPN? What’s in it for me? Imagine getting to watch your favourite show’s latest episode as it airs instead of being stuck with your country’s episodes which could be up to three seasons late. Because of licensing restrictions, only Americans can watch streaming video – a VPN acts like a passport: since you are using an American IP address, you are welcome to watch anything you want.

What if I’m not at home? Does it still work? Go ahead and bring your laptop – a VPN is accessible anywhere in the world. You can watch your duly-licensed British live television or your HBO subscription from anywhere in the world. Also services like Netflix, Pandora, Hulu, Skype, Facebook and all the Google Apps are accessible in countries where their government blocks the usage of them.

If the VPN is encrypted, will that affect my banking and shopping encryption? Over a standard, unencrypted connection, your transmissions can be copied before they are encrypted. VPN connections are encrypted end-to-end, so data packets are left with nothing to detect.

How do I use VPN
you need to use a client see here to access servers all over the world. There are many free one, but realistically you need to use one with a good bandwidth, and plenty of global servers. The list will give you a guide to prices. You do need to be a little technical with this but there are plenty of clips out there to tell you how.

For most folk it’s not a problem, but if you are fussy about who knows where you’ve been browsing this might be your solution.


 

One Line Table

Using Word or OpenOffice Writer

1 – Using Century Gothic Size 14 as many letters of the alphabet that will fit on one line. Separate each letter with a Tab stop

A       b       c       etc…

Create a one line table with as many cells as the number of letters you fitted into a line above.

2 – Place a corresponding letter in each cell

A B C D E

3 – These letter will probably be capitals as they are the first letter of a cell – stop word doing this. (This is to do with Options)

a b c d e

4 – Repeat  the first line you typed in 1 and without creating the table first place these letters into a table as in 2.

5 – Change the cell separators to red, and the outside boundary to blue

6 – Create a one line table as above and into each cell place an object that starts with the same letter of the alphabet. The image has to be in the middle of the cell vertically and horizontally.

 

Browsers

You should be aware of how to do the following with all three Browsers, Edge, Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.

URLs and the address bar
Setting Homepage
Links and Saving Links
Navigation buttons
Tabbed browsing
Bookmarks and history
Downloading files
Saving images
Managing Plug-ins and Add-ons
Deleting Browsing History
Managing Favourites
In Private Browsing
Copying and pasting Text
Moving through the Page
Cookies
Scrolling and scroll wheel

https://www.gcflearnfree.org/internetbasics/using-a-web-browser/1/
https://www.gcflearnfree.org/internetexplorer/all-about-internet-explorer/1/
https://www.gcflearnfree.org/firefox/


 

Creating a Template in Word

Using the information below, create a certificate as a template to be filled in with any information at the relevant places

Godparent Certificate

“Godparents undertake a special and lifelong interest in the welfare of the child and support the parents in their relationship with their child.”

This is to certify that

was honoured as Godparent for

Who was born on the day of

Celebrated at

With as Celebrant

Date

Celebrant Signature


 SyncToy

Using SyncToy, a Microsoft program.
This program is easy to use and creates a copied backup that can be read directly and doesn’t need to be translated. Restoring is easy, just copy and paste the backup into the relevant folders.
You need an external drive; either a USB stick, external Hard Drive or Solid State Drive SDD. It is important to disconnect this drive  after backing up.
SyncToy works by creating folder pairs, the left folder is where the files/folders are coming from, the right folder is where they are going to. Click Create Folder Pair.
Browse for the left folder you wish to backup, a pop up menu will present a file explorer – click libraries Documents – My Documents. [choose a broad brush eg My Documents.] OK
Browse for the right folder you wish to create. It is best to save backups on a separate drive to your hard drive in case it fails. These can be a stick or external hard drive. In the popup window click computer to find the drive you are saving to, click this to highlight it. You will need to Make a New Folder on the drive you wish to backup to. Name it Backup(date). OK.
You have three choices, for backing up choose Echo. By clicking on the options you will be given a short description of what the option does. Next
Name the folder pair eg Mikes Backup. Finish.
This will open a new page that will open the Next time you start SyncToy. To run the backup click Run and another window will open to give you the progress.
SyncToy takes some time to do the first backup, but after this it is much faster as it only backups those new files and those that have changed.
From the main window, you can create further folder pairs or delete them as you wish. Deleting the pair does not delete the folder it refers to, this needs to be done manually
Remember to back up folder like your Internet Explorer Favourites which are not stored in your Docs File, nor are your PC based Email contacts and messages. These need to be added as well.
Synctoy is not automatic, you need do it yourself, it can be made automatic but we advise not having the backup drive permanently connected due to the Cryptolocker Virus. To set this up follow THIS LINK Ignore Win 7 the interface is the same for Win 10.

In Win 10 you need to enable Net framework 3.5, follow this pathway to do this >Control Panel . Programs > Turn Windows features on and off > .Net Framework click + and tick both boxes > OK…This will take a moment, let it do its thing. Earlier versions will need to download and install it –  follow link at the top pf the page.

Synctoy will save files into OneDrive if you want cloud storage.